New Hampshire has a long history of commercial fishing, despite the fact that the state has only 18 miles of shoreline.

Most commercial fishing occurs in federal waters of the Gulf of Maine, where fishermen harvest Atlantic cod, Atlantic pollock, and other groundfish, Atlantic herring, American lobster, coldwater shrimp, and other seafood.

Fishing in state waters is regulated by the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department. The New England Fishery Management Council manages fishery resources from three to 200 miles off the coasts of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.

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